The 7 Modes of the Major Scale
This lesson will explain how to get the modes from the 5 major scale shapes that you learned, or which patterns to play for each mode.
They are: Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian, and Locrian
2 of the modes are Major (Happy sounding). These are: Ionian and Lydian.
4 other modes are Minor (Sad sounding). These are: Dorian, Aeolian, Phrygian, and Locrian
1 mode is Dominant 7th (Happy sounding, but creating tension). This is the Mixolydian mode.
These modes are as follows:
1. C Ionian : C major scale over the C root (Diagram 1)
2. C Dorian : Bb major scale over the C root (Diagram 2)
3. C Phrygian : Ab major scale over the C root (Diagram 3)
4. C Lydian : G major scale over the C root (Diagram 4)
5. C Mixolydian : F major scale over the C root (Diagram 5)
6. C Aeolian : Eb major scale over the C root (Diagram 6)
7. C Locrian : Db major scale over the C root (Diagram 7)
For one pattern - the root is on the 6th string (Low E).
For the second pattern - the root is on the 5th string (A).
By memorizing it this way - you will associate the mode scale fingering to where you will play chords on the guitar with the root being on 6th or 5th strings.
After you memorize the 2 patterns for each mode and the root position within the pattern, you can connect the rest of the patterns for that mode, by using your existing knowledge of the 5 scale shapes of the major scale.
For example: Let's say we want to find out how to play the 7 modes over the key of G.
You can either use the corresponding patterns for each mode, starting on the root note of G (3rd fret on 6th string or 10th fret on 5th string)
Or you can figure out that you need to use the major scales: G, F, Eb, D, C, Bb, Ab over the key of G - to get the respective modes of G.
Also, not only are you practicing your modes and pattern knowledge this way, but you are also practicing phrasing, and training your ears to learn what sounds good. It's a 3-in-1 deal!